The collaboration between Automobili Lamborghini and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has produced a major initial result: a patent for an innovative synthetic material that will serve as the technological base for a new generation of supercapacitors. The collaboration began three years ago when Automobili Lamborghini joined the MIT-Italy Program, and took a further step forward in 2017 with the launch of two research projects, one with Professor Mircea Dincă (MIT - Department of Chemistry), and the other with Professor John Anastasios Hart (MIT - Department of Mechanical Engineering). For more information see the IDTechEx report on Supercapacitor Materials and Technology Roadmap 2019-2039.
Automobili Lamborghini is a co-author of this patent. Further research will explore additional optimization of the properties of the material, and its production on an increasingly larger scale. More broadly, this result is part of the shift towards electric vehicles technology Automobili Lamborghini undertook in 2017 with the presentation of the Terzo Millennio, and most recently with the Sián, unveiled at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Stefano Domenicali, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Automobili Lamborghini, commented: "The joint research with MIT fully embodies our values and our vocation for anticipating the future: a future in which hybridization is increasingly desirable and inevitably necessary."
The patent and the collaboration with MIT's Chemistry Department
The new patented material was synthesized by Professor Mircea Dincă's team in the laboratories of MIT's Chemistry Department with the support of Automobili Lamborghini's Concept Development Department, and it is based on the "Metal-Organic Frameworks" (MOF) concept. The molecular structure of this family of materials makes it the ideal candidate for producing electrodes for high performance supercapacitors of the future, because it maximizes the specific surface area, i.e. the amount of surface area exposed to electric charge in relation to the mass and volume of the sample. More specifically, the stated goal of the research is to improve the energy density: the patent filed today promises to increase this density by up to 100% compared to the technology currently on the market.
The research team began by investigating doubling the capacity made possible by new technology. The current patent, which is the result of two years' work, represents significant progress but its potential is much greater, even when compared to the supercapacitors used on the Lamborghini Sián, which are at the cutting edge of conventional technology in this field.
Supercapacitors already represent a winning solution in high-performance motorsport applications by virtue of their exceptional power and durability specifications, and they promise to become an essential technology for years to come thanks to Automobili Lamborghini.
The cooperation with MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering
A second, three-year collaboration with Professor John Anastasios Hart team in the MIT Mechanical Engineering Department aims to establish new design principles for high-performance battery materials that can be integrated into the vehicle structure. The project will result in battery prototypes that provide a combination of energy storage performance, geometric versatility, and structural integrity that is critical to the performance targets set by the Lamborghini Terzo Millennio.
The strong initial progress of Hart's team, along with its expertise at the intersection of materials, manufacturing processes, and machine design, will allow the group to meet its ambitious objectives.
The collaboration with the MIT-Italy Program
In parallel with the laboratory work, the partnership with the MIT-Italy program has given two MIT students the chance to gain work experience at Automobili Lamborghini, by working on the development of the composites' specifications and the mathematical modelling of the supercapacitors' conducting properties. Given these successful outcomes, Automobili Lamborghini has decided to extend its collaboration with the MIT-Italy program until the end of the coming year.
Source and top image: Lamborghini